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Tsev > Xov xwm > Ntsiab lus
Tuam Tshoj Ntxiv Cov Kev Xa Mus Rau Txhuas Cov Quav, Yuav Ua Li Cas Teeb Meem Ua Lag Luam Kev Lag Luam Hauv Suav
Mar 26, 2018


Lub Tsib Hlis 8, 2018, Thawj Tswj Hwm Trump tau suam npe rau 232 daim ntawv tshawb fawb tau raws li cov lus tshaj tawm, pom cov hlau thiab cov khoom txhuas tuaj yeem ua phem rau Tebchaws Asmeskas kev ruaj ntseg, % thiab 10%, tab sis nyob rau hauv Canada, Mexico thiab lwm lub teb chaws raug zam. Thaum lub 3 Hlis tim 23 ntawm Beijing, Thawj Tswj Hwm Trump tau kos npe rau tsab ntawv teev lus nrog Suav teb hauv lub Tsev Dawb, tshaj tawm tias nws yuav ua tau kom cov ntawv kho qis tshaj 60 billion US dollars los ntawm Tuam Tshoj thiab txo cov peev thiab kev nrhiav tau ntawm Suav cov lag luam rau Tebchaws Meskas. Trump hais tias tib lub sij hawm: "qhov no yog qhov pib xwb."

Tuam Tshoj pib txiav txim rau cov kev txwv kev lag luam los ntawm Tebchaws Meskas. Thaum sawv ntxov ntawm lub Peb Hlis 23rd, Ministry of Commerce muab ib lub teb chaws Suav tshem tawm hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas cov khoom siv hlau thiab txhuas yam khoom lag luam 232 ntsuas ntawm cov khoom lag luam thiab pej xeem tawm tswv yim, npaj siab rau cov nqi se ntawm cov Teb Chaws Asmeskas thiab qee yam khoom, kom tshuav tus nyiam ntawm Tuam Tshoj vim yog Tebchaws Meskas ua rau poob ntawm tariffs ntawm ntshuam hlau thiab txhuas khoom. Daim ntawv teev muaj 7 pawg, 128 cov khoom se khoom siv, $ 3 nphom khoom tawm mus rau Tebchaws Meskas. Thawj feem ntawm tag nrho ntawm 120 se, cov nqi tariff 15%; qhov thib ob feem ntawm tag nrho cov nyiaj ua se 8, cov nqi seev hauv lub khw 25%, nrog rau seem. Kev Tuam Txhab ntawm Kev Lag Luam tau hais tias yog Tuam Tshoj thiab Tebchaws Meskas tsis tau txiav txim siab txog kev cog lus ntawm lub lag luam hauv lub sijhawm teev tseg, Tuam Tshoj yuav siv txoj cai tshem tawm thiab txo qis thawj feem ntawm cov khoom, thiab ntxiv cov txiaj ntsim ntawm US yam Suav teb, thiab siv ob daim ntawv teev npe.

Suav yog lub ntiaj teb loj tshaj plaws ntawm tsim txhuas, aluminium raw cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsum tau nyob rau hauv ib feem los ntawm kev tuaj yeem. Tuam Tshoj raws li kev tsim kev lis kev cai, nyob rau hauv 2017 Suav teb seem 2 lab 170 txhiab tons, uas, txij li Teb Chaws Asmeskas tuaj yeem 476 txhiab tons, cov tuaj txawv teb chaws tau nqis li $ 630 lab, uas yog 22% ntawm tus naj npawb.

Lub Teb Chaws Asmeskas txhuas lag luam pib ua ntej, tau tsim ib qho loj ntawm cov txhuas txhuas, txhuas cov kev pab cuam muaj ntau heev. Raws li cov txheeb cais, xyoo 2016 hauv Teb Chaws Meskas tau siv cov khoom txhim kho txog 4 plhom 210 txhiab tons, uas yog 44% los ntawm cov qub qub qub txig. Tsuas yog siv cov kev siv hauv tsev, Tebchaws Meskas tseem xa khoom loj tuaj, yog lub ntiaj teb cov khoom loj tshaj plaws ntawm txhuas seem. Raws li lub Koom Haum Thoob Ntiaj Teb Cov Nyiaj Hloov Pauv Hloov (International Trade Organization), hauv xyoo 2017, Tebchaws Asmeskas tau xa tawm nyiaj 1 lab 525 txhiab tons, tus nqi ntawm $ 2 nphom 250 lab, feem ntau tshaj 16 feem pua ntawm cov nyiaj xa khoom thoob ntiajteb. Suav yog qhov chaw tshaj plaws rau Asmeskas kev lag luam ntawm seem hauv 2017 los ntawm Teb Chaws Asmeskas, Suav Teb seem kev lag luam rau 31.2% ntawm tag nrho cov khoom xa tawm ntawm US seem.

Xav txog yam tseem ceeb xws li kev siv ntawm Tebchaws Meskas, yog tias suav los ntawm seem mus rau levy 25% import tariff, peb kwv yees los ntawm Tebchaws Asmeskas hauv xyoo 2017 Xov Xauv seem yuav raug txo los ntawm 350,000 tons, raws li kwv yees li 80% aluminium , nyiaj rau tsawg tshaj li 1% nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov khoom ntawm txhuas Suav teb.

Seem noj, Tuam Tshoj tus tuaj ntawm seem rau tsheb seem ntawm qub seem, feem ntau yog siv rau zus tau los ntawm txua txhuas casting alloy. Vim hais tias peb lub teb chaws pub rau kev lag luam ntawm txhuas hlau mus rau exported, thiab kom ib tug 15% export duty rau cov lag luam tawm dav dav, yog li ntawd, lub export ntawm Tuam Tshoj aluminium alloy feem ntau yog casting aluminium alloy exported los ntawm kev lag luam. Nyob rau hauv 2017, Tuam Tshoj xa tawm 536 txhiab tons ntawm txhuas hlau, ntawm uas 533 txhiab tons ntawm xa tau exported, accounting rau 99.2% ntawm tag nrho cov exports, thiab tsuas yog 977.5 tons ntawm xa mus rau Teb Chaws Mis Kas. Yog li ntawd, nws yuav suav hais tias cov nyhuv ntawm qhov kev ntsuas ntawm qhov kev lag luam ntawm aluminium alloy nyob rau hauv Tuam Tshoj yog negligible.

Tus nab npawb ntawm Aluminium Alloy , piv suav Suav Teb ntawm Teb Chaws Asmeskas thiab kev xa khoom xa tuaj rau Teb Chaws Asmeskas peb xav tias cov kev tuaj yeem ntawm Teb Chaws Asmeskas seem cov nqi txawv teb chaws, muaj feem cuam tshuam rau kev lag luam tag nrho thiab kev thov yuav tsis suav txhuas.